By | Personal Injury | No Comments


Motor vehicle injuries are a leading cause of death among children in the United States. But many of these deaths can be prevented. One CDC study found that, in one year, more than 618,000 children ages 0-12 rode in vehicles without the use of a child safety seat or booster seat or a seat belt at least some of the time.


Buckling children in age- and size-appropriate car seats, booster seats, and seat belts reduces the risk of serious and fatal injuries:

  • Car seat use reduces the risk for death to infants by 71%; and to toddlers by 54% in passenger vehicles.
  • Booster seat use reduces the risk for serious injury by 45% for children aged 4–8 years when compared with seat belt use alone.
  • For older children and adults, seat belt use reduces the risk for death and serious injury by approximately half.
  • Birth up to Age 2: Rear-facing car seat. For the best possible protection, infants and children should be buckled in a rear-facing car seat, in the back seat, until age 2 or when they reach the upper weight or height limits of their particular seat. Check the seat’s owner’s manual and/or labels on the seat for weight and height limits.
  • Age 2 up to at least Age 5: Forward-facing car seat. When children outgrow their rear-facing seats they should be buckled in a forward-facing car seat, in the back seat, until at least age 5 or when they reach the upper weight or height limit of their particular seat. Check the seat’s owner’s manual and/or labels on the seat for weight and height limits.
  • Age 5 up until seat belts fit properly: Booster seat. Once children outgrow their forward-facing seat, (by reaching the upper height or weight limit of their seat), they should be buckled in a belt positioning booster seat until seat belts fit properly. Seat belts fit properly when the lap belt lays across the upper thighs (not the stomach) and the shoulder belt lays across the chest (not the neck). Remember to keep children properly buckled in the back seat for the best possible protection.
  • Once Seat Belts Fit Properly without a Booster Seat: Seat Belt Children no longer need to use a booster seat once seat belts fit them properly. Seat belts fit properly when the lap belt lays across the upper thighs (not the stomach) and the shoulder belt lays across the chest (not the neck). For the best possible protection keep children properly buckled in the back seat.

Source: CDC

Occupational Heat Exposure

By | Workers Compensation | No Comments

The following is an article from OSHA. We believe this topic is very important and want our clients and website viewers to be aware of this.

Many people are exposed to heat on the job, outdoors or in hot indoor environments. Operations involving high air temperatures, radiant heat sources, high humidity, direct physical contact with hot objects, or strenuous physical activities have a high potential for causing heat-related illness. Workplaces with these conditions may include iron and steel foundries, nonferrous foundries, brick-firing and ceramic plants, glass products facilities, rubber products factories, electrical utilities (particularly boiler rooms), bakeries, confectioneries, commercial kitchens, laundries, food canneries, chemical plants, mining sites, smelters, and steam tunnels.

Outdoor operations conducted in hot weather and direct sun, such as farm work, construction, oil and gas well operations, asbestos removal, landscaping, emergency response operations, and hazardous waste site activities, also increase the risk of heat-related illness in exposed workers.

Every year, thousands of workers become sick from occupational heat exposure, and some even dieThese illnesses and deaths are preventable.

Why is heat a hazard to workers?

When a person works in a hot environment, the body must get rid of excess heat to maintain a stable internal temperature. It does this mainly through circulating blood to the skin and through sweating.

When the air temperature is close to or warmer than normal body temperature, cooling of the body becomes more difficult. Blood circulated to the skin cannot lose its heat. Sweating then becomes the main way the body cools off. But sweating is effective only if the humidity level is low enough to allow evaporation, and if the fluids and salts that are lost are adequately replaced.

If the body cannot get rid of excess heat, it will store it. When this happens, the body’s core temperature rises and the heart rate increases. As the body continues to store heat, the person begins to lose concentration and has difficulty focusing on a task, may become irritable or sick, and often loses the desire to drink. The next stage is most often fainting and even death if the person is not cooled down.

Excessive exposure to heat can cause a range of heat-related illnesses, from heat rash and heat cramps to heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Heat stroke can result in death and requires immediate medical attention.

Exposure to heat can also increase the risk of injuries because of sweaty palms, fogged-up safety glasses, dizziness, and burns from hot surfaces or steam.

> > Go to Heat-Related Illnesses and First Aid

Who could be affected by heat?

Workers exposed to hot indoor environments or hot and humid conditions outdoors are at risk of heat-related illness, especially those doing heavy work tasks or using bulky or non-breathable protective clothing and equipment. Some workers might be at greater risk than others if they have not built up a tolerance to hot conditions, or if they have certain health conditions. The table below shows some environmental and job-specific factors that increase the risk of heat-related illness.

Factors That Put Workers at Greater Risk
  • High temperature and humidity
  • Radiant heat sources
  • Contact with hot objects
  • Direct sun exposure (with no shade)
  • Limited air movement (no breeze, wind or ventilation)
  • Physical exertion
  • Use of bulky or non-breathable protective clothing and equipment

Workers who are suddenly exposed to working in a hot environment face additional, but generally avoidable hazards to their safety and health. New workers and those returning from time away are especially vulnerable. That’s why it is important to prepare for the heat: educate workers about the dangers of heat, and acclimatize workers by gradually increasing the workload or providing more frequent breaks to help new workers and those returning to a job after time away build up a tolerance for hot conditions.

How do I know if it’s too hot?
  • The temperature rises
  • Humidity increases
  • The sun gets stronger
  • There is no air movement
  • No controls are in place to reduce the impacts of equipment that radiates heat
  • Protective clothing or gear is worn
  • Work is strenuous

The heat index, which takes both temperature and humidity into account, is a useful tool for outdoor workers and employers (see Using the Heat Index: A Guide for Employers).

How can heat-related illness be prevented?

Heat-related illnesses can be prevented. Important ways to reduce heat exposure and the risk of heat-related illness include engineering controls, such as air conditioning and ventilation, that make the work environment cooler, and work practices such as work/rest cycles, drinking water often, and providing an opportunity for workers to build up a level of tolerance to working in the heat. Employers should include these prevention steps in worksite training and plans. Also, it’s important to know and look out for the symptoms of heat-related illness in yourself and others during hot weather. Plan for an emergency and know what to do — acting quickly can save lives!

Read the original article 

Meet our 2015 Scholarship Winners

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André Curiel-Gutierrez, (Stars Mill High School, Fayetteville, GA)André Curiel-Gutierrez, (Stars Mill High School, Fayetteville, GA)
For any young immigrant, adjusting to a new country is difficult.  Its not only difficult to ​​leave friends and family behind, but facing a new culture and learning a new language can be intimidating.  Like many, André Curiel-Gutierrez faced this reality at an early age when his mother moved he and his sisters from Mexico to the United States, seeking a better future.  Doing so was made more diffcult as the family moved around searching for stable work and a good community to take root in.   For Andre, adapting every two years to a new city and a new school only fueled his desire to excel in school, knowing that education was a ticket to the better life his parents wanted for him.  Our 2015 Alcanzando Un Sueño 2015 Scholarship winner was inspired each day by the hardships of his mother and by focusing on excelling in school graduated with honors from Stars Mill High School in Fayetteville, Georgia this spring and in the fall will enter as part of the freshman class at one of the world’s top technology universities, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Jennifer Hernandez, Carl Hayden Comm High School (Pheonix, AZ) Jennifer Hernandez, Carl Hayden Comm High School (Pheonix, AZ)
Fear of family separation is not something that most high school sophomores have to deal with, but for Jennifer Hernandez one traffic stop brought this reality front and center. As a child of undocumented parents, Jennifer understood the risks her parents faced in hopes of giving her and her four siblings a better life in America, but until her mother was detained by immigration, she hadn’t contemplated the impact it would have on her life. Not only did she have to become a mother to her four younger siblings all while continuing to maintain a rigorous academic load but she was also determined to see her mother set free. Knocking on doors, asking for help from every politician and civil rights organization, calling on the press and finally taking to the streets with a group of supporters she was finally able to see her mother free.  We are proud to name Jennifer Hernandez winner of the 2015 ALCANZANDO UN SUEÑO SCHOLARSHIP.  Jennifer graduated this spring as Valedictorian of Carl Hayden Community High School in Phoenix, Arizona and in the fall will attend the University of Southern California.

Erika Trejo, Kennesaw Mountain High School (Kennesaw, GA) Erika Trejo, Kennesaw Mountain High School (Kennesaw, GA)
“Obstacles are defined in Webster’s dictionary as ‘something that blocks your path’, and indeed, I see them as ‘blocks’, but instead of blocking my path, I use them as building blocks to improve my personal and academic foundation” says our 2015 Alcanzado Un Sueño Scholarship recipient, Erika Trejo of Kennesaw Mountain High School. Erika has faced many obstacles in her family, through numerous illnesses that left her with a desire to peruse a medical career. Her participation in an internship program in the neuro-surgical department at Kennestone Hospital helped to solidify her career goals and in the fall she will enter Georgia Tech to pursue a degree in biochemical engineering with the goal of entering Medical School after college.

Injured in an accident? Contact us today!

Cruz & Associates